Anesthesia Technical Knowledge Center

Anesthesia Technical Reference

    • ASA
    • APSF, Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation

      Mission Statement

      The mission of the Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation is to ensure that no patient shall be harmed by anesthesia. The purposes of APSF are to: foster investigations that will provide a better understanding of preventable anesthetic injuries; encourage programs that will reduce the number of anesthetic injuries; and promote national and international communication of information and ideas about the causes and prevention of anesthetic morbidity and mortality.

    • Anesthesia & Analgesia
    • Virtual Anesthesia Machine
    • IARS, International Anesthesia Research Society

      International Anesthesia Research Society

      The International Anesthesia Research Society (IARS), owner and publisher of ANESTHESIA & ANALGESIA, is an apolitical not-for-profit medical society founded in 1922 “to foster progress and research in all phases of anesthesia.”

      The IARS has a world-wide membership of 15,000 physicians and others with doctoral degrees. There are also membership categories for residents in training and for associate members from the allied health professions.

      The IARS is completely nonpolitical, focused only on the advancement and support of education and scientific research related to anesthesiology.

      The current IARS Mission Statement is: “The goal of the IARS CME activities is to disseminate current, state-of-the art basic and clinical research data, as well as the newest advances in all areas of clinical anesthesia care, including perioperative medicine, critical care, and pain management. In addition, the IARS mission is to encourage, stimulate, and fund ongoing anesthesia-related research and projects that will enhance and advance the specialty.

      The target audience is comprised of individuals worldwide who are engaged in all aspects of anesthesiology: physicians in clinical practice of anesthesia; physicians in academia; physicians or PhD’s engaged in research; physician residents in training programs; individuals in the allied health professions.

      To fulfill the stated mission the Society publishes a monthly scientific journal, ANESTHESIA & ANALGESIA; sponsors an annual clinical and scientific congress; funds anesthesia-related research; and sponsors the Global Perioperative Research Organization (GPRO).

      The expected outcome of the IARS CME program is more knowledgeable and informed participants, provided with current knowledge in clinical care and research, applicable to their clinical practice.”

    • GPRO, Global Perioperative Research Organization

What is GPRO?

The IARS is excited to announce the creation of an Academic Research Organization named GPRO (Global Perioperative Research Organization). Dr. Mark Newman directs the organization together with Dr. Lee Fleisher who serves as Co-Medical Director. Dr. Newman is Professor and Chairman of the Department of Anesthesiology at the Duke University Medical Center. He is an active clinical investigator and holds current national grants including NIH and American Heart Association. Dr. Newman’s research focus has been on perioperative outcomes, initially in cardiac surgery, however recently expanding to non-cardiac surgery. In addition, he has also developed a strong sustained relationship with industry sponsors of clinical trials. Dr. Fleisher is Professor and Chair of Anesthesia and Professor of Medicine for the Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He is an active clinical investigator and holds current national grants including APSF and IARS funding. His primary areas of research are related to technology assessment and prediction of risk and preoperative evaluation of surgery. He has been involved in the area of preoperative cardiac evaluation for non-cardiac surgery and has been member of the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Task Force which wrote the Guidelines on Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation.

GRPO, is an Academic Research Organization (ARO) that integrates the scientific thought leadership of the International Anesthesia Research Society, the Duke Clinical Research Institute and the operational capabilities of a CRO, to develop and share knowledge that improves the care of patients around the world through innovative clinical research. The research focuses on the entire perioperative period, including pain management, critical care medicine and long-term outcomes assessment. GPRO has extensive capabilities in site management, data management, statistics, and communications to conduct multicenter clinical trials. Through this collaboration with the Duke Clinical Research Institute, GPRO can deliver value through the combination of key intellectual and clinical trials input, as well as competitive pricing in the early development process.

GPRO is actively recruiting a broad-based group of international perioperative clinical investigators (thought leaders) from the multiple subspecialties of Anesthesiology. This group will have the necessary insight into the pressing clinical issues, and industry opportunities within their respective areas. For each clinical trial, whether it is industry or competitively funded, a steering committee of the trial principal investigator, medical director, operations manager, and the five top enrolling sites will be created. This group will also serve as a publication committee for each of these clinical trials. The initial priority for publication will be the primary hypothesis followed immediately by research requests of enrolling investigators and their junior faculty or fellows essential to reward enrollment and loyalty of the investigators. As resources are available, queries from IARS members, fellows, and residents will then be considered. Other key areas of development for GPRO are: development of thought leaders, creation of databases from the trials, and CME activities.

If you are interested in learning more about GPRO’s capabilities or opportunities of site recruitment, please visit our website,, or call Nancy Newark, Operations Manager toll free at 1-866-536-0568 or email

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